5 2020 CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Notes to the consolidated financial statements
Material estimates 1.4.
indicator is used internally by management to assess performance. It corresponds to Profit from recurring operations before: the expense relating to the costs and benefits granted to the p recipients of stock option, free share and employee share ownership plans; the amortisation of allocated intangible assets. p Operating profit is then obtained by taking Profit from recurring operations and subtracting Other operating income and expenses. The latter contains any material items of operating income and expenses that are unusual, abnormal, infrequent or unpredictable, presented separately in order to give a clearer picture of performance based on ordinary activities. Finally, in the analysis of Change in net financial debt , the Group splits out EBITDA. This figure corresponds to Operating profit on business activity , after adding back in the depreciation, amortisation and provisions included in the latter indicator. Items included in the financial statements of each Group entity are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which that entity operates, i.e. its “functional currency”. The consolidated financial statements are presented in euros, the functional and presentation currency of the Sopra Steria Group parent company. Translation of the financial statements of foreign b- subsidiaries The accounts of all Group entities whose functional currency differs from the Group’s presentation currency are translated into euros as follows: assets and liabilities are translated at the end-of-period p exchange rate; income, expenses and cash flows are translated at the average p exchange rate for the period; all resulting foreign exchange differences are recognised as a p distinct equity component under Other comprehensive income and included in Accumulated translation reserves within equity (see Note 14.1.4). In accordance with IAS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign p Exchange Rates , translation gains and losses arising from the translation of net investments in foreign operations are recognised as a distinct component of equity. Translation gains and losses in respect of intercompany loans are considered an integral part of the Group’s net investment in the foreign subsidiaries in question. When a foreign operation is divested, the cumulative translation difference is recycled to profit or loss as part of the gain or loss arising on disposal. Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of foreign operations are treated as assets and liabilities of the operation and, as such, are translated at the end-of-period exchange rate. Foreign currency translation 1.5.2. Functional and presentation currencies a-
and accounting judgments The preparation of financial statements entails the use of estimates and assumptions in measuring certain consolidated assets and liabilities, as well as certain income statement items. Group management is also required to exercise judgment in the application of its accounting policies. Such estimates and judgments, which are continually updated, are based both on historical information and on a reasonable anticipation of future events according to the circumstances. However, given the uncertainty implicit in assumptions as to future events, the related accounting estimates may differ from the ultimate actual results. The main assumptions and estimates that may leave scope for material adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the subsequent period are as follows: measurement of the recoverable amount of property, plant and p equipment and intangible assets, and of goodwill in particular, which was particularly relevant in this period (see Note 8.1); measurement of the recoverable value of shares held in p associated companies recorded in the balance sheet (see Note 10.2); measurement of retirement benefit obligations (see Note 5.3); p revenue recognition (see Note 4.1); p lease terms and the valuation of assets and liabilities recognised p for leased assets (see Note 9); measurement of deferred tax assets (see Note 6.3); p amounts payable to non-controlling interests (see Note 7.4); p provisions for contingencies (see Note 11.1). p Finally, amid the current coronavirus crisis, Group management p believes there is no uncertainty concerning its status as a going concern given the healthy level of its liquidity and the sustained level thereof throughout the year (see Note 12).
Format of the financial 1.5. statements and foreign
currency translation Format of the financial statements
1.5.1. With regard to the presentation of its consolidated financial statements, Sopra Steria Group applies Recommendation 2013-03 of the French Accounting Standards Authority (Autorité des Normes Comptables – ANC) of 7 November 2013 on the format of the income statement, the cash flow statement and the statement of changes in equity. The format of the income statement was adapted several years ago to improve the presentation of the Company’s performance, with the addition of a financial aggregate known as Operating profit on business activity before Profit from recurring operations. This