4 CSR AND NON-FINANCIAL INFORMATION - Limiting our environmental impact and operating in a safe environment
SUPPORT AND SERVICES ACTIVITY Risks The refining activity generates emissions into the air due to its industrial transformation processes. Emission sources include furnaces and combustion turbines, as well as boilers and flares. The shipping ac tivity generates SO 2 emissions, since the fuel used has a sulfur content of up to 3.5%. Limitation measures The continuous monitoring of the refinery’s air emissions is strengthened by putting into service analyzers of dust and carbon
treat exhaust gas by eliminating up to 90% of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and fine particles. Rubis has equipped one of its own vessels with a scrubber. The other fully-owned vessels, as well as those operated by the Group on a time-charter basis, now use fuel with a maximum sulfur content of 0.5%, which is widely available in the 3 zones of activity (Caribbean, Europe and Indian Ocean). GROUP RESULTS The nature and volume of emissions vary according to the activities and are presented in the table below.
monoxide in the 2 units generating the highest emissions. Every year, a refinery fume control campaign is carried out by a body authorized to approve the findings of our self- monitoring system (campaign carried out in December 2019). For the shipping activity, since January 1, 2020, according to the instructions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO 2020), vessels will now use fuel with a sulfur content limited to 0.5%. Another option is to equip vessels with scrubbers to capture sulfur emissions by cleaning exhaust gas. Accordingly, these chimney evacuation filters
support this energy transition by continuing to study and implement sustainable solutions. The Group must find a balance between the expectations of customers wanting to access affordable energy, and the necessity of helping to combat climate change by reducing CO 2 emissions related to its activities. Although there are many avenues to be explored, significant technological, societal and economic challenges remain in relation to reducing the proportion of fossil fuels in the energy mix and making less carbon- intensive energies available to all. In order for these solutions to be successful and drive progress, they must be adapted to the specific characteristics of each of our regions. Lastly, to be sustainable, growth must also be inclusive. It is therefore essential that the policies implemented to promote the transition to a low-emission and climate- change-resilient economy have a positive social impact. RISKS This chapter focuses on the challenges related to the Group’s carbon emissions. A more comprehensive description of climate change risks (in particular physical risk) is provided in chapter 3 “Risk factors”, section 3.1.2.
In 2019, with the help of a firm certified by Ademe (the French Environment and Energy Management Agency), the Group conducted a comprehensive Bilan Carbone ® assessment of its activities and products (see figures under Results in this section) in order to properly assess its carbon footprint and identify the most effective solutions available to reduce this footprint. The assessment was carried out in accordance with the methodology developed by Ademe, which is based on the recommendations of ISO 14064-1 and the GHG Protocol. This carbon accounting method records carbon emissions across 3 scopes: • scope 1: direct emissions from the fixed or movable facilities located within the Company’s organizational scope; • scope 2: indirect emissions related to the production of electricity, heat and cold used; • scope 3: other indirec t emissions generated by third-party activities upstream or downstream from the Company’s activities. When we focus on the Rubis Group’s operating emissions, i.e. excluding emissions related to the use of products sold, they come mainly from the transport of products distributed, by ship (146 kt, i.e. 34% of CO 2
In storage sites, low figures in 2019 again showed the very limited NO X impact of this activity. Regarding VOCs, the 15% increase recorded in 2019 for Rubis Terminal corresponds on the one hand to the final year of operation of an emission treatment system at the Rouen site, which has since been replaced with a more effective solution, and, on the other hand, at the same site, an increase in gasoline activity that has generated more VOC emissions. In 2019, air emissions from the refining activity were stable compared with 2018. Rubis is aware of the energy transition challenges facing its sector. The oil and gas sector plays a key role in terms of energy access, which is essential to meet the fundamental needs of people (traveling, heating and cooling, lighting, cooking) and to support their development. Nevertheless, even today, a large proportion of the population in many of the Group’s operating regions (Africa in particular) is still deprived of access to energy. Aware of changing expectations in society and the necessity of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, Rubis intends to 22.214.171.124 CLIMATE CHANGE