SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIETAL RESPONSIBILITY INFORMATION 17 ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
In 2017, Groupe ADP committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2030 as part of the Airport Carbon Accreditation programme. A road map is being prepared to show the different stages. As part of its sustainable development and construction policy, Groupe ADP has set itself the strictest rules to limit primary energy consumption (RT 2012 thermal regulations) and to obtain high environmental quality certification for all its real estate projects (French HQE ® and British BREEAM 1 standards). It systematically studies the feasibility of certification for new airport projects. At Paris-Orly, HQE certification “excellent” was awarded in 2017 to the new VIP pavilion. Increased use of renewable energies Groupe ADP has also set itself the target of covering 15% of its final energy consumption with renewable sources. At the end of the third quarter 2017, over the last 12 months 2 , renewable energy production units at the airports covered 15.7% of the internal energy consumption of Aéroports de Paris (12.8% at the end of 2016). At Paris-Orly, the geothermal plant in service since 2011 should ultimately produce the heat required to heat the terminals and the Cœur d’Orly business district thus avoiding the emission of 9,000 tonnes of CO 2 per year, when fully operational. In 2012, Paris-Charles de Gaulle installed a high-performance heat/ refrigeration pump system for the heating and cooling of hall M, together with a biomass power plant that provides 25% of the airport’s heating needs and in normal operating mode prevents the emission of 18,000 tonnes of CO 2 per year. Since the end of 2015, Paris-Le Bourget has 600 sq.m of photovoltaic solar panels and a geothermal plant which produces heat to meet almost 70% of Aéroports de Paris’ internal heating and cooling needs. In total, it covers the equivalent of 30% of Aéroports de Paris’ internal energy consumption in the terminals and avoids the emission of approximately 120 tonnes of CO 2 . In addition, to reduce its carbon footprint, Groupe ADP subscribed to the renewable electricity offer from Engie, which commits the latter to ensuring that 60% of its electricity is of renewable origin in 2017 (50% in 2015). The energy company provides certificates certified by a third party, proving that this 60% quota was produced by hydroelectric dams, wind farms or solar farms. At the Paris-Le Bourget airport, 100% of the electricity purchased is of renewable origin. The decision was made to move to 80% of electricity of renewable origin for the Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly platforms in 2020. Land use and measures taken As a land developer, Groupe ADP takes care to respect the balance of the diversity of living things. The issue of land use is treated in accordance with current regulations. In line with our soil pollution management procedures updated in 2017, a soil diagnosis is performed each time a building changes tenants. Fight against climate change Groupe ADP made a commitment to the climate and the fight against climate change in line with the environmental and energy policy it has been conducting for many years. In phase with the new directions
proposed by France in this area, ambitious targets have been set for the 2016-2020 period, in particular to reduce CO 2 emissions per passenger by 65% between 2009 and 2020 while increasing traffic. In 2017, CO 2 emissions per passenger 3 were down 63.0% compared to 2009. Reduce greenhouse gas emissions As an operator of energy production units of more than 20 MW, Aéroports de Paris is subject to Directive No. 2003/87/EC of 13 October 2003 with regard to greenhouse gas emission (GHGs) quotas. Under the national allocation plan for greenhouse gas emission allowances, annual allowances are allocated to Aéroports de Paris and its CO 2 emissions are carefully monitored. Thanks to the investment made in low-carbon thermic production plants (biomass, geothermal, photovoltaic) and improvements in its energy efficiency, Aéroports de Paris does not exceed the quotas allocated to it and therefore does not purchase quotas on the markets. In accordance with article L. 229-25 of the French Environmental Code, Aéroports de Paris reports on its greenhouse gas emissions. Data for CO 2 emissions from power plants in 2017 are presented in the table of environmental indicators and verified by a third party per the French national quota allocation plan (PNAQ). Level 3 of the Airport Carbon Accreditation for Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly and Paris-Le-Bourget airports was renewed in 2017. This accreditation, all aspects of which are verified by a third party every two years, acknowledges the calculation and actions to reduce our direct emissions (scopes 1 and 2) as well as indirect emissions (scope 3). The fight against climate change consists not only of changing internal operations (scopes 1 and 2) but also those of Aéroports de Paris’ partners at all airport terminals (scope 3). Joint actions are undertaken to reduce aircraft running time. At Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly, 400 Hz floor-mounted sockets were installed to supply electricity to planes at contact stands. These replace the diesel generators and auxiliary thermal engines. In partnership with the DGAC, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly airports have developed the local management of departures (GLD) with the support of an IT tool. A result of a collaborative process (Collaborative Decision Making), the local management of departures helps to reduce the running time of an aircraft between leaving the gate and taking off, which generates significant savings in terms of fuel and CO 2 emissions. Moreover, the continuous descent implemented for certain approaches reduces engine load and thus their kerosene consumption and CO 2 emissions. Reduced by 17% compared to the average for 2013-2015, internal CO 2 emissions (scopes 1 and 2) for the three Paris platforms were 4 76,970 tonnes in 2016. External CO 2 emissions (scope 3) for the three airports were estimated at around 1,925,000 tonnes in 2016 5 , up 3% compared to the average for 2013-2015 due to more reliable calculation methods for certain emission types. Scope 3 emissions take into account: ◆ aircraft, for which emissions are determined from the different LTO cycle phases (Landing Take-Off): approach, movements on the ground, take-off, climbing; ◆ auxiliary power units (APU), that provide energy on-board the planes and for air-conditioning on the ground, and for which use depends on climatic conditions and the power required for the correct operation of the aircraft;
1 Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method. 2 The value for Q4 2017 (and so, for the civil year) will be published in the 2017 CSR information. 3 CO 2 emissions per passenger take into account the internal emissions for the three Parisian platforms (Scopes 1 and 2). 4 2017 data not available yet for the publication of the document. The results will be published in the 2017 CSR information. 5 2017 data not available yet for the publication of the document. The results will be published in the 2017 CSR information.
AÉROPORTS DE PARIS REGISTRATION DOCUMENT 2017
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